Friday: - Arrival in the airport- Hotel in Hadibo- Ayhaft- Deleisha-Hotel.
Hotel – Qalansiya- Dedwah lagoon ( snorkeling ) and camping.
- Dedwah lagoon- Shu’ab (by boa)to the sink shipwrecked ship(diving)- Hadibo
Monday:- Hotel-Holaf (diving)- Dihameri M.P.A (snorkeling) and camping
- Dihameri M.P.A (boat-diving)- Rosh (Snorkeling) and camping
Rosh ( boat-diving)- Arher camping.
Arher- Hadibo Hotel.
THE ISLAND OF HAPPINESS
The fame and historic important of Socotra dates back to the
beginning of holy commodities trade prosperity and the activity of the old
trade route which is much better known as Frankincense, Myrrh and Laudanum
route for the island was one of the main producers of such essential
commodities in addition to its being the back reserve for the support of
Yemeni ancient Hadramawt Civilization along the first millenium BC when the
kingdom of Hadramawt was named ( kingdom of Frankincense, Myrrh and
In those old days, Socotra island produced the best quality
glue. The island became even more important and was widely famous for the
production of incense sticks (a kind of incense) and Socotra was known as
furthermost places of ancient civilization which used to consider those holy
commodities e.g. incense, Myrrh, Laudanum, glue and other perfumes to be
Not only that but, also named the land producing them as the
Holy Land or the Land of the god. That is why Socotra island was named by
ancient Greeks and Romans as the Happiness Island, as well as due to the
difficulty to reach it in the past. Many stories and legends have been woven
in respect thereto.
Today it is the focus of specialist researchers in the field
of rare protected natural areas for Socotra island . It is considered to be
one of the most important Worldwide Protected natural areas.
* The name of the Socotra island originated from one old
forgotten language-dialect spoken at one time by the pre-historic passers to
the island. This ancient term of a name given for the island was "Eipheba
Sakhotora" which used to mean "The island of Happiness.
Foreign academics, Oriental and historians may pronounce the
name in four different ways: Asqo'ter, Soqutri, Sou'qatra and Soqotra.
Ancient Greeks called it "Dyo-sacreeda", while in the Romans' language it is
known as "Dyo-Socor-Yahlas" and "Dyo-Sotori". Moreover, one ancient Greek
language gave it the names "fia-Soqa'tra" and "Soqater". Coming to the
inhabitants of the island itself, the common belief among them is that the
name was derived from combining two words together; Al-Souq (meaning the
market in Arabic) and "Qatra" (meaning a single drop of any liquid).
One of the Portuguese military troops colonized the island
(1507-1557). They stayed till the end of the fifteenth century , just few
years before the Dutch invaded the island in 1614. Then, the British;
colonized Aden on January (1839).
The island had been, during the British rule, used either as
a temporary depot and refuge of the British crews and seamen, or as the
light-house location for guidance of the marine route for their ships. It
was also known to be one military garrison for the British troops.
On 30th November 1967 the island became part of
what was known as (South Yemen). But now after the reunification on 22nd
May (1990), It is a part of Republic of Yemen.
Socotra is the largest Yemeni island, It is located east of
Aden Gulf between the Latitudes 12,8-12,42 north of the equator and the
longitudes 53,19-54,33east of Greenwich and. It is 380 Km a way from Ras
Fartak in Mahrah Governorate ,
Having its own distinctive climatically, environmental,
geographical and natural characteristics, it is administratively related to
Aden province . It is away from Aden about 690 Kilometers.
* The geographical location of the island is on the
enter-linking point of the Arabian Peninsula, Africa and India .
*This important marine location can make it a distinctive
center for Tourism and investment attraction, due to the island's
supporting elements of attractive features that were created through the
nature existing there. These are represented by its green forests that cover
extensive areas of land suitable to be transformed to several Tourism scenes
. Besides, certain tourist activities such as fish canning and diving
places can be implemented in such a rare and naturally protected area.
* Socotra stretches as a piece of land with an area of about
3650 square Km; up to a length 125 kilometer and width of 33 Km in the
Indian Ocean , with an archipelago of small islands like AL-Akhawain(the two
brothers) island,Darsah island,Samh island and Abdul Kori island which is
the most densely populated and is always known for its affluence of Diamonds
collection. It is the second largest an archipelago after socotra.
The surface of the island varies into four kind of Relief as
The most important of which are the mountainous range of
Hajhar mountains which are located at the eastern part of the island along
Arida Bay, overlooking the island of Capital Hadiboo and extending north
easterly to south westerly at a distance of 25 Km of which the highest peak
is Dawkam whose altitude 1630 m above sea level.
2-The Central Plateau:
It occupies most of the island area and is parted by Wadi Tatrar (Tatrat Valley) into two main parts: The eastern and The western
The coastal Plains are situated in the north and south of
the island and are non-existent in the east or west of the island due to
the extension of drifts to the coast.
The coastal plains are divided into two parts:
The northern coastal plain named Hadibo plain ,the southern
plain which is called by the island inhabitants as (Nawjad) .
4- The Wadis (valleys):
The plains are interspersed by many vallies . Some of which
pour at the northern part of the island and some of which pouer at its
southern part and the most important of which is azroo Valley which
intersects the island from north to south in addition to the valleys
springing out from the Hajhar Mountainous Rang which are characterized for
their running water all along the year
The island is prevailed generally with a sea relatively hot
weather of which the average daily temperature in Hajhar Mountains ranges
between 25-28 Celsius while in June and July the temperature reaches its
extreme and falls during January and February.
The average humidity ratio ranges between 55% as the maximum
in August and 7% as the minimum in January.
The island is subjected to sharp southern westerly winds
during the summer months (June, July, August) with an average speed between
13-18 Km /h, whose speed decreases gradually during September till end at
the beginning of October.
* Average annual rainfall of the island is 150-170 mm but this quantity fluctuates to a great extent from one year to another.
The people live a primitive life, for they speak a mixed
language of weak Arabic, and ancient Yemeni-Amhari and Himyarite languages,
with some words of Portuguese. All of them embrace the Islamic.
It is inhabited by 65,514 people, they speak the dialect of grazing and fishing besides the old Yemeni language .
The people are generally simple in their characters as they
are not busily worried by the problems of the prices or the economic reforms
that are currently taking place in the country. They are miserably poor, and
the practice of civil marriage among them is relatively very easy and very reasonable ,as a social convention
*Cattle rearing : This is carried out by the peasants,
shepherds, farmers and rural villagers around most parts of the island's
territory, as a result of having a large and variable animal wealth ;
goats, sheep, cows, bulls and camels. Besides, pastures and natural green
fields are available every where.
*Fishing: It is considered to be the main skilled craft
adopted by large numbers of the island's population, as the whole region is
well known for its large fishery wealth.
*Commerce: This is a secondary activity as it is confined to
some owners of grocery and consumer shops found only in the capital Hadibu.
WHAT DO YOU KNOW ABOUT SOCOTRA
Socotra: The Forgotten Diamond of Yemen steps confidently towards the future
In Hadibu alone, one general hospital is available for
providing the minimum basics of health services. It has been supported by a
number of clinics .
2- Transportation :
* Flights: There are two direct flights a week to the island
from Al-Rayan (Mukalla) you can also get there by small boats just in the
good weather .Preferably from 15th October until May. It is
difficult to reach it by small boats during the windy season .
*The roads: Inside Transportation is available in the island
but it is a bit costly, due to some mountainous areas.
3-Telecommunication: The island has a domestic as well as international telephone services.
Most people still use primitive lightening methods. That is
the use of stone friction to make a fire. The use electricity is extremely
limited to certain building belonging the government.
The port and beaches:
* There are a number of beautiful beaches on the island, the
most important of which is Nawjed beach.and also many species of marine
animals and fish ,especially shrimps . .
* From the marine point of view, the port receiving the
boats and sailing ships arriving from Aden is still in its assembly form the
marine point of view , The port extension project of widening the port is
bunkering depot (of about 80 to 90 meters long) cost the Yemeni government
one and half million dollars for Another new project which expected soon to
be implemented , as the allocated funds for it is (7.5 million dollars)
* If you need to know about important regions in the island,
read the following:
*Hadibu region: it is the capital of the island, it is the
center of socotra island located in the north-east of the island ,and it has
the largest urban center.
*Qalanseya region: it is situated in the western part of the
island, and equips many residential-populated quarters.
*Nouged region: it is situated in the southern part of the
island, and to the south of the serial chain of Hajeer mountains
* The investment future of the island is promising as there
seemed to be a start to establish units for refrigerators and freezers for
preservation of fish and consumable foods tuffs. There are certain
officially programmed plans that aim towards attracting national and
foreign capitals for investment in those projects possible to be raised and
sustained in the island. Those, in particular, relate to the business field
of frozen and tanned fish for the purposes of their packing, marketing and
* The exports :
Most prominent goods, such as medical plant, Glue, Laudanum,
Myrrh and two Brothers Blood Trees , are currently exported by the island .
The Fish Wealth :
Socotra island is distinguished by the affluence of
producing , different fish found in huge commercial quantities particularly
the Lobster and Rock Lobstes which are sought worldwide and known for their
Investmen in exploitation of this resource represents a big chance for local and foreign capitals.
*Prospects and Exploration:
The government of Yemen has recently started granting
permits for few internal firms seeking to invest in the crude oil business.
Initial surveys indicated the presence of this natural resource along the
extendable coasts of the island.
Socotra, the island of Dreams:
A natural Museum :
Socotra, the colony settlement for rare natural birds and plants and enjoy an important strategic location, is now prepared to become
the pearl of the Arabian Sea and relatively shining diamond. It is a new
*The island of Medical Shrubs :
In one way or the other, Socotra island can be regarded a
kingdom of medical shrubs and plants. Some of theme are rare, the others
unique. It occupies the tenth rank amongst the reachest island in the world
in respect of unique plantation kind and the rare ones.it boasts having 750
kinds of plants of which 600 kinds are rare and 150 kind are uniquely owned
by the island where noequivalents are available all over the world,the most
important of which is two Brothers Blood tree.the sevendifferent Ladanum
This cocentration of the kinds of Ladanum is not available
anywhere except on this island, in addition to other natural plants which
are commonly used on the island on which the socotra depended as a sort of
cure for the different diseases.
The largest medically important plants in island:
A) The Two Brothers Blood Trees : (Andam or Arhaib) .
The name of this tree has always been linked with the name of
the island due to its fame and importance since ancient times. The tree
grows on the top of mountains and its height reaches 6-9 m . the island
people make cracks on the trees trunk and then a viscuous red fluid flows
and is left till it is dried up . After that they collect it and pack it for
The tree is involved in many primitive indigenous crafts on
the island . It is futrher used as medicine and many legends have been
woven around it of which that it grew from the blood of cane and mable when
the first human crime ever took place for as the blood flowed the tree
sprang from it .Another legend is that it grew from a clotted blood that
flowed from a dragon during its fight with an elephant till both got killed
.The common name for the plant amongst the indigenous people is( Arhaib).
B) Myrrh :
from the Trees known as "Murr" in Arabic language are and
are famously known for application in various medical treatments, together
with, trees of incense , palm and olives both of which become ripened with
their roses and seeds twice a year, while their fruits are annually
C) Frankincense trees :
It has 7 species of Frankincense trees, the most famous of
which are the Socotra aloe, olibanum, Merrh, Dragon blood .
* The island also abounds with many species of birds which
form with the plantation environment and Marine environment one of the
* It is considered one of the most important locations in
the Middle east in which birds live due to the spread of natural woodland (
105 kinds of birds ) of which thirty kinds procreate on the island, ( 6
kinds indigenous ) , (3 kinds are subject to extinction worldwide ...they
are The Socotran Starling, Socotran Alhazijah , and the Socotran Learner.
one of the most important homes of rare birds in the Middle East